The IRS updates its tax guidance for cryptocurrency, clarifying rules around reporting and taxation of digital assets

3 min


The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has updated its tax guidance for cryptocurrency, providing much-needed clarity around the reporting and taxation of digital assets. This move comes as cryptocurrency gains wider acceptance and becomes more mainstream. The new guidance clarifies that digital assets should be treated as property for tax purposes, and that transactions involving cryptocurrency are subject to the same tax rules as those involving traditional assets.

One of the key changes in the guidance is around the reporting of cryptocurrency transactions. Taxpayers are now required to report any transactions involving digital assets, including the buying, selling, and exchanging of cryptocurrency. This means that even small transactions, such as buying a cup of coffee with Bitcoin, must be reported.

The guidance also clarifies the tax implications of cryptocurrency mining and airdrops. Mining cryptocurrency is considered taxable income, while airdrops are considered taxable if they are received in exchange for performing a service or in connection with a business or trade.

The IRS is also cracking down on cryptocurrency tax evaders. The agency has launched a Virtual Currency Compliance Campaign, which targets taxpayers who fail to report income from cryptocurrency transactions or fail to pay taxes on such income. The campaign includes audits, tax notices, and even criminal investigations.

The new guidance is a welcome development for the cryptocurrency industry, which has long struggled with the lack of clear tax rules. It provides much-needed clarity for individuals and businesses that use digital assets, and should help to reduce the risk of unintentional noncompliance.

Overall, the IRS update is a positive step towards the mainstream adoption of cryptocurrency. With clear tax guidance, investors and traders can feel more confident about their digital asset transactions, and the industry can continue to grow and evolve.